Abstracts

The Effect of Visiting the Holy Shrines of Ahl al-Bayt on Moral Development

 

Sayyed Ahmad Faqihi / assistant professor at IKI

Abolfazl Asgari / MA in trainning ethics to teachers, IKI                                   askari_86@yahoo.com

Received: 2014/03/06 - Accepted: 2015/07/21

Abstract

Using an analytical and library-based method, this paper seeks to investigate the effect of visiting the holy shrines of Ahl al-Bayt on moral development, and answer some questions, like the nature of moral development, the reason, which ethics presents, for visiting the holy shrines of Ahl al-Bayt, and the effect of visiting the holy shrines of Ahl al-Bayt on the soul. Moral development refers to spiritual perfection and moral values which are acquired through "moral education" by removing the obstacles and creating and strengthening the factors in such areas like insight, attitude and capability. In moral education, the learner needs to use some methods in order to realize moral development in the three areas. Pilgrimage is one of the methods of moral education which contributes to the growth of insight, vision, attitude and capability and learner’s moral development by removing such obstacles like; skepticism, secularism and effects of sins, and by taking into account such factors like knowledge, hope, remembrance of God and faith.

Key words: pilgrimage, Ahl al-Bayt, moral development, insight, attitude, capability.


An Analysis of the Material Effects of Jealousy in the Light of the Words of Imam Ali, the Commander of the Faithful,(pbuh)

 

Nowraste Ghanbarzadeh / MA student of Hadith sciences, Nahjolbalaqa’s sub disciple, Qum University of the Qur’anic science and Hadith                                                                                                                         nghanbarzade@yahoo.com

Zohreh Narimani / Assistant professor of the Qur’an and Hadith sciences, Kermanshah university of the Qur’anic sciences

Received: 2015/03/16 - Accepted: 2015/08/11

Abstract

The aim of this research is analyzing the material effects of jealousy in the word of Imam Ali, the Commander of the Faithful,(pbuh). The research method is library-based content analysis. The findings of this research are about the effects of jealousy and examine the quality of the effect of these findings. The findings of this research reveal the material, spiritual, mental and social effects in the words of Imam Ali (pbuh), which are examined in the light of the words of Imam Ali(pbuh) and modern sciences. The findings point to the interplay of the consequences of jealousy. A jealous person’s wrong views and false mentality have mental effects upon him/her and these mental effects influence the body of the jealous person. All these things permeate the environment of the jealous person and broaden its extent. Consequently, jealousy and similar sins have such different and remarkable effects that they make individual and social health of the jealous person exposed to danger.

Key words: jealousy, Imam Ali (pbuh), individual effects, social effects.


The Causes for Committing Sins in the Light of Mulla Sadra's Thoughts

 

Reza Reza Zadeh / professor of philosophy and Islamic theology, University of Ilam

Nashmiyeh Shokri / MA in philosophy and theology, University of Ilam        n.shokri85@yahoo.com

Received: 2015/04/09 - Accepted: 2015/08/21

Abstract

The question of "sin" is closely bound up with man's happiness or misery and with his destiny. From the viewpoint of Mulla Sadra, sin is but rejecting divine prescriptions and proscriptions and it is an obstacle to man's happiness and perfection. Moreover, Mulla Sadra considers sin as an act that darkens the heart and leads man towards sensual pleasures. Mulla Sadra believes that there are different factors inside and outside the existence of man which drive him to commit sins. Among the factors are love of material world, carnal desires, man's ignorance, heart, Satan and blind imitation, but he considers man to be mainly responsible for committing sins, because he has freedom of choice. Hence, man is responsible for all the sins he commits.

Key words: sin, darkness, love of the material world, carnal desires, Satan, ignorance, Mulla Sadra.


The Criteria of Islamic Morals of Journalism

 

Mohammad Haji Esmaeili / MA in Hadith sciences, sub discipline of ethics, university of Quran and Hadith  jahadimohammad@chmail.ir

Sayyed Hassan Islami / professor at University of religions and denominations of Qom

Received: 2015/07/01 - Accepted: 2015/12/21

Abstract

Today, news has become an essential need of everyone. The information reported through the media has its effect on people’s thoughts, feelings and lifestyle. Journalists who from the main body of the media strive to choose from the thousands small incidents and big events that happen the world over every day. News broadcasts reported through the media is primarily selected by journalists. Since selection of every item requires a certain criterion, the researcher has attempted to extract moral criteria from religious texts and answer these fundamental questions: according to Islam, who can be responsible for journalism in Islamic society? What behavioral characteristics should he have? And what professional moral journalistic criteria should he apply while taking this responsibility? Explaining seven principles of the morals of journalism, this paper responds to some of the questions relating to the morals of journalism.

Key words: the moral principles of journalism, morals of profession, media ethics, the moral principles of the media, privacy.


A Classification of the General Approaches and Theories about Morality

 

Mohammad Beheshti / assistant professor of educational sciences, Hawzah and Daneshgah Research center

                                                                                                                                  mbeheshti@rihu.ac.ir

Received: 2015/07/29 - Accepted: 2016/01/03

Abstract

Evidently morality plays a very important role in all the aspects of human existence from the most superficial dimensions to the deepest aspects of life. Scientific efforts in this field have led to the development of a wide range of approaches and theories about morality. But due to their dispersion and vagueness, there is an urgent need organizing and classifying them. No doubt the classification of approaches and theories about morality has resulted in scientific order, created a system of moral knowledge and removed disunity and dispersion. This paper aims to classify the different approaches and theories about morality. In the first section, the general approaches and theories about morality are classified in terms of source and documentation and in the second section, in terms of end and result.

Key words: morality, theory, approach, classification, source and documentation, end and result, scholars.


 

A Model for Preventing Deviant Behavior through Moral Guidance and Moral Values

 

Mohsen Golparvar / Associate professor of psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan)

                                                                                                                       drmgolparvar@hotmail.com

Shirin Nayeri / MA student of industrial and organizational psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan)

Arezo Ashja’ / MA student of industrial and organizational psychology, Isfahan University

Received: 2015/02/09 - Accepted: 2015/06/16

Abstract

This research seeks to examine a model for preventing emotional damage and deviant behavior through moral guidance and moral values. The population sample comprises 385 people working in a manufacturing firm. A classified sampling method was used for the selecting the people in the survey. The research techniques include a nine-question questionnaire on moral guidance, a four-question questionnaire on moral values, an eight-question questionnaire on deviant behavior and a nine-question questionnaire on emotional damage. Pierson’s correlation coefficient, structural equation modeling and mediatory Regression analysis were used for the analyzing the data. The research results show that emotional damage and deviant behavior have a significant negative relationship with moral guidance and moral values(P<./.1). The structural equation modeling results show that moral guidance and emphasis on moral values, first debilitate the emotional damage and the debilitated emotional damage causes to paves the way for debilitating the tendency towards deviant behavior.

Key words: moral guidance, moral values, emotional damage, deviant behavior.


Deduction of Ought to from Is

 

Seyyed Habib Dashti / PhD student of moral philosophy, IKI                     dashti_2027@yahoo.com

Received: 2015/02/28 - Accepted: 2015/07/27

Abstract

The issue of ‘’deduction of ought to from is’’ is one of the important issues in moral epistemology. The coherence of the theories which justify moral propositions by referring to immoral propositions are based on the presupposition of the probability of deducing a (moral) ought to from is. But, a group of moral philosophers offer reasons for the impossibility of the deduction (moral) ought to from is. Using a theoretical-analytical approach, this research seeks to show it is possible to deduce (moral) ought to from is and how this deduction occurs by citing the evidence and evaluation of each of the two groups of philosophers.

Key words: Metaethics, ought to, is, Hume (David), Jan Serel, Ayatollah Misbah.