Moral Absoluteness from the Viewpoint of Allame Tabatabaei
Salman Bahjati/ Third level student of Seminary email@example.com
Akbar Mirsepah/ Assistant professor, IKI
Received: 2015/12/05 - Accepted: 2016/04/06
Some researchers have never agreed with Allame Tabatabaei about considering morality as an absolute affair. The purpose of this study is to prove moral absoluteness based on Allame Tabatabaei`s work. To this end, we have described moral obligatory concepts and axiological concepts and analyzed them philosophically. In the area of obligatory concepts, we show that in spite of being subjective, moral obligations are based on facts and they are capable of fulfilling the absoluteness and eternity of morality. In the realm of axiological concepts, mentioning Allame`s two definitions of the terms good and evil, we have specified that one of the definitions are excluded from the realm of practical wisdom, so that discussing it for proving or rejecting absoluteness is futile. The other definition, which is agreeable and disagreeable with the ultimate end shows the necessity in relation and necessitates moral absoluteness.
Key words: Allame Tabatabaei, absoluteness, relativity, conventionalities, good and evil, rules.
The Role of the Principle the most Important and Important
in Eliminating the Interference of Security Ethics
Ali Bahram Tajari/ PhD student of Islamic teachings, IKI A.B.firstname.lastname@example.org
Ahmad Hossein Sharifi/ Associate professor, IKI
Received: 2015/10/31 - Accepted: 2016/03/07
Applied ethics, as one of the new fields of ethics has three major missions: First, answering to the new and special ethical issues in each specific aspect of modern life, second, attempting to ensure conformity with the arguments, principles and ethical values in specific cases and finally eliminating ethical interferences. Interferences in the area of security ethics happen when the security force confronts two missions regarding the position of Obedience, and has to select only one. The pivotal point is in specifying a selection criterion for one of the sides of the interference and presenting a solution for them. Using a descriptive and analytic method, the present paper deals with only one fundamental criterion in eliminating ethical interferences, namely the principle of the most important and important. Considering the aspects of interferences, the final result of this paper is that although interferences are inevitable, but given the authentic philosophical foundations of ethical philosophy and the mentioned principle in this paper, one is able to eliminate them. This means that these interferences are rudimentary and deep-seated.
Key words: foundations, principles, security, ethics, security ethics, privacy, conflict, interference.
Awareness and Experience;
an Inquiry into Moral Experience and Religious Experience
HosseinAli Sheidan Sheid/ Assistant professor of philosophy and theology department, research center of Seminary and University email@example.com
Mohammad Fathali Khani/ Faculty member of philosophy and theology department, research center of Seminary and University
Received: 2015/08/24 - Accepted: 2016/01/30
Discussing about the relationship between moral experience and religious experience is relevant to the relationship between religion and morality, but is independent from that topic and is efficient in showing the nearness of morality and religiosity. In the present paper in order to realize the kind of relativity between these two experiences, after expressing the similarities of moral experience and religious experience, the author tries to express his intention of moral experience and religious experience. Using Davis`s six-part categorization about the kinds of religious experiences and measuring the relation of each one of them with moral experience, the author identifies the relationship between moral experience and religious experience. In this regard, moral experience and religious experience view on diversity and unification will be analyzed. Consequently we cannot consider every moral experience as a religious one. Also all the instances of these two experiences are not entirely different, however the relationship between moral experience and religious experience is partial inclusion.
Key words: experience, moral experience, religious experience, moral experience relation, religious experience.
Human Dignity as the Foundation of Moral Education
Nayereh Hajialiyan/ PhD of philosophy of education firstname.lastname@example.org
Khosro Bagheri/ Professor of Tehran University
Mohammad Reza Sharafi/ Associate professor of Tehran University
Seyyed Mahdi Sajjadi/ Associate professor of Tarbiat Modares University
Received: 2015/08/25 - Accepted: 2016/01/16
One of the most important assets that God has bestowed on man is dignity and human`s virtue which is originated from divine vicegerency. Dignity is related to man`s essential honesty, and virtue indicates his superiority to others. From the religious point of view, dignity is not confined to the essential type only and by nearness to God and piety, man can promote it and acquire more transcendent value; however, according to the verses and narrations, we have to behave towards others based on retaining their inherent dignity. The purpose of this research is explaining the role of human`s dignity in moral education and deducing some guidance for the trainer and trainee. Analyzing holy Quran`s verses, in this paper human`s dignity is considered as the foundation of moral education and by using the deducive method, the principle of the necessity of human`s dignity revelation in moral education and character honoring educational methods, negligence in ethical lapses, retaining the dignity of self and others and admitting to other`s perfections were explained.
Key words: human`s dignity, morality, moral education, moral act.
Analyzing Moral Education Components
from the View point of the Supreme Leader
Siavash Mirzaei/ MA student of history and philosophy of education, Isfahan University
RezaAli Norouzi/ Assistant professor of educational science, Isfahan University
Received: 2015/11/19 - Accepted: 2016/04/10
Education is complicated, wide-ranging and time-consuming. An awareness of the methods and aims of education, especially moral education, necessitates the understanding of the views of great scholars, especially Islamic scholars. Consequently, the purpose of the current paper is analyzing moral education components from the view point of the supreme leader. The method which is used in this research is qualitative content analysis. The educational pattern of this paper is adding moral education to education. The research resources include books, magazines, articles and lectures. The main purpose of educating men who are wise, scholar, pious and endowed with virtues in order to achieve vision, is the individual and social happiness and righteous society, so that one can reach the ultimate purpose of life, which is nearness to God and taking on Devine characteristics.
Key words: supreme leader, moral education, education, moral virtues, vision.
An Introduction to the Concept of Moral Revelation Psychology
and Examining its Implications on Moral Philosophy
Alireza Azimpour/ Assistant professor of psychology, Salman Farsi University, Kazeroon, Iran
Received: 2015/07/06 - Accepted: 2015/12/10
Moral heuristics are careless and intuitive rules which are used in moral routine conversations. Although these rules present a rapid and often correct answer to human`s moral dilemmas, careless and thoughtless use of them can lead to falsely moral decisions. The question here is; what implications and restrictions can infallibility of these heuristics bring for human`s moral thinking? This paper aims at introducing moral heuristics in psychology and examining their implications for different approaches to moral philosophy. At first moral heuristics were clearly explained through the library-based method, then by the method of logical-analytical the consequences of these heuristics were analyzed for different approaches to moral philosophy. Moral heuristics can show the moral decisions` fallibility, in case there is mere acceptance of emotivistic approach. Moreover on the contrary to what intuitivist moral philosophers declare, people use their own intuitions in everyday life rather than its mere use in fundamental moral problems.
Key words: moral heuristics, consequentialism, deontologism, intuitivism, emotivism.
Analyzing the Relationship between Religious Attitude and Environmental Behavior among Female Students of Payam Noor University of Ramhormoz
Elham Asrari/ Associate professor of engineering department, Pyam Noor University of Tehan, Iran
Sahar Rashidi/ PhD student of environmental education, Payam Noor University of Tehran south branch Sahar_rashidi86@yahoo.com
Received: 2015/09/08 - Accepted: 2016/03/03
This study aims at analyzing the relationship between religious attitude and environmental behavior among female students of university. The research method is descriptive-survey. The statistical population includes 320 female students of agriculture and biology major at Ramhormoz Payam Noor University. The sample size is including 96 people by using Morgan`schart. Research data have been statistically analyzed by using SPSS19 and Pierson`s correlation coefficient and regression analysis statistical test. The findings show that Pierson`s correlation coefficient for environmental behavior and religious attitude are respectively 0/468 and 0/464. Moreover the result of multivariate regression analysis shows that given the multiple correlation coefficients (R=/694), the intensity of the relationship between the criterion variable and the predictor variable is very strong and influential. Research findings can be used in designing and development of educational content.
Key words: religious attitude, environmental behavior, students, girls.